The President Kennedy Assassination
Friday, November 22, 1963

1° - "JFK Hit from Front, then from Behind"

When the presidential limousine turned right onto Houston Street from Main Street, JFK was driving directly towards the TSBD where a shooter was stationed at the eastern window on the 6th floor. But, this man did not shoot, he waited a little bit. Next, the limo turned left, passed the TSBD, and slowly drove into Elm Street.

It was 12:30 p.m. and Abraham Zapruder was filming the presidential motorcade from the pergola of the grassy knoll.

Z-frame 143 - In the background, a young girl, who is running to the left sidewalk of Elm Street to keep on watching the President, suddenly turns her head toward the TSBD.

Z-frame 150 - A half-second later, JFK stops waving to the crowd.

Z-frames 160 to 170 - JFK and John Connally turn their heads to the right at the same time which would seem to confirm that a first shot has just missed the President. 


Z-frame 212 - JFK is then hidden by the Stemmons Freeway sign.

Z-frame 223 - While JFK is still hidden by the road sign, one can see that Mrs. Kennedy looks at her husband insistently and Governor Connally turns his head to the right as a reaction to the shot that has just hit the President.

Concerning this shot, John Connally later said that he had immediately thought that one had fired at the President. He also said and maintained until his death that this shot had not hit him.

Z-frame 224 - The right lapel of John Connally's jacket suddenly lifts up.

According to the supporters of the single bullet theory, this movement would prove that it was indeed the same bullet that hit President Kennedy and Governor Connally at the same time.

The best way to refute this argument is to look carefully at the Governor's clothing first.

  "John Connally's Shirt & Jacket"

1. There is no hole in the right lapel of John Connally's jacket.

2. The discrepancy between the exit hole in the Governor's shirt and the one in his jacket does not agree with the position of John Connally who was sitting toward the front of the limo at that time. (See my analysis about this discrepancy on Chapter 2)

Furthermore, the velocity of a bullet fired with an army riffle varies from 2000 to 3333 feet per second which implies a minimal moving capacity of 110 feet by frame in the Z-film, and therefore of 2 feet in one thousandth of a second since each Z-frame is equivalent to 54 milliseconds. Thus, on the basis of the single bullet speed reduced to 1533 feet per second at its exit from the President's throat, and as JFK and John Connally were separated by 25 inches, both men should have been hit at the same frame in a lapse of time of 1.4 thousandth of a second.

Considering the reaction of JFK who at Z-frame 225 has started to raise his two hands to his throat, I have deduced that he is likely hit at Z-frame 220, thus five frames before Z-frame 225. These five frames are corresponding, in my opinion, to his pain response and to the movement of his left hand which was rested on the edge of the limo body until he disappears behind the road sign.

This latest contention aiming at supporting the single bullet theory is thus as illusory as the others, because as usual this contention is based on no plausible ballistic parameter.

In conclusion, it is surreal that people still maintain that a bullet was able to exit two different points of the Governor's clothing while John Connally was positioned toward the front of the limo, by going as far to claim that it was also able to lift up the right lapel of his jacket without touching it.

Finally, if John Connally had been hit at the same time as JFK, he would certainly not have the reflex to turn back around to see the President, notably by leaning on his wounded side.

As for the movement of the lapel, I think it was simply due to the wind which was blowing by fits and starts on Dealey Plaza that day.

Concerning this matter, let me also dispute the simulation made by Dale Myers in an attempt to prop up the Single Bullet Theory. This computer animator even dares to argue that the trajectory of the single bullet would be perfectly straight from the eastern window of the TSBD 6th floor.


 "The Dale Myers Deception"

The main errors of his video:

- The distance between both men is false. 

- The single bullet trajectory through JFK's body is false.

- The position of John Connally sitting sideways is false as well.

Concerning the single bullet trajectory, see Chapter 4. Concerning the Governor's position, it is clear that John Connally was not sitting sideways when JFK was hit for the first time, because when he reappears at Z-frame 222 he is still positioned facing toward the front of the limo. Also, remember what I have just stated: if a same bullet had wounded both men at the same point, John Connally would have been hit in less than two tenths of a second, a time when he is still hidden by the road sign.

Z-frame 230 - JFK who remains pressed against the back of his seat, was thus hit for the first time, not in the back, but in the trachea just under the Adam's apple. And there is no doubt about that, because Dr. Perry who performed an emergency tracheotomy at the level of the bullet hole, was abble to judge that it was an entry wound.

Z-frame 233 - JFK whose the head tilts towards the left, has just been hit for the second time, and this time in the back.

One can note between Z-frames 231 and 232 a forward movement of JFK's torso on impact in his back, and in Z-frame 233 a tilt of his head to the left.


"Animation from Z-frame 230 to Z-frame 233"

It is clear that such a forward movement in 1/10 of a second is necessarily the result of a shot hitting JFK in the back at that point.

Z-frame 246 - John Connally appears to be grimacing while he is in a process of turning to his right to see the President.

For the supporters of the official thesis, the facial look of Governor Connally would be the result of a late reaction to pain. For most supporters of the plot, it would be the sign that the Governor is hit in the back at this frame or shortly before. As for me, I think that it was the moment when John Connally screamed out several times "No" after having understood the gravity of the situation.

Let us also note in this frame that both motorcycle cops riding to the left rear of the limo have their eyes turned toward the grassy knoll, maybe in response to a shot fired from this location.